Bonsai Cultivation Tips
Care of Seeds
It is important to maintain the freshness of the seeds in order to facilitate
proper germination. This is why you should store all your seeds in a
refrigerator in order to preserve their freshness until you are ready to begin
the germination process. Seeds can be stored in the vegetable drawer of your
refrigerator in the plastic bag we have provided.
About Germination Instructions
Once you are ready to germinate your seeds, you have two germination methods:
Natural germination or Forced germination.
Natural germination: Sow seeds outside in autumn.
Over wintering the seeds will accomplish all the necessary natural processes
seeds require to germinate. Next spring, you should have sprouted seeds.
Forced germination: you are accomplishing the
germination process artificially. Therefore, you will need to follow the steps
listed below. Each seed is different; however most of them require three steps.
Some may require more while others may require less.
These steps are:
Each seed has a shell around the live inner part.
Some are harder than others. The goal of the scarification process is to soften
the shell and allow water to reach the inner part of the seed. You will scarify
the seeds by placing them in water, usually a glass or a bowl, for a period of
24 to 48 hours. Use warm water preferably from a recently boiled kettle. Viable
seeds will sink after 24 hours while others will float on top. If there are
still seeds floating after 48 hours you can discard them as they are empty
seeds. Once completed, you are ready to begin the next step (Note: some seeds
require you to proceed directly to the third step).
The next step is the cold stratification period. This step is where the seeds
spend a period under colder temperature permitting the chemical in the seeds to
develop and trigger the germination process. Fold a piece of paper towel in two
and moisten with water. It should not be dripping wet but moist. Place your
seeds on the moist paper towel and fold it over the seeds. Place the paper towel
with the seeds in a plastic bag and store them in your refrigerator for a period
varying from 30 to 120 days depending on the variety of seed. We suggest that
you check your seeds every 30 days in order to prevent rot and allow for proper
air circulation. You should also check for germinated seeds. If this is the
case, take the germinated seeds and proceed to the next step.
Sowing can be accomplished in the ground or in a pot.
We recommend a rich, moist medium of sand / coir / vermiculite.
Make a small opening in the soil (approximately 1cm deep), place the seed in the
opening and cover it with a few millimetres of soil. Keep the soil moist.
Extra step (false autumn)
If you choose to germinate your seeds via the
forced germination process, you may be required to follow this extra step if the
seeds have been stored for a long period. This step takes place prior to the
cold stratification. All you have to do is expose the seeds to ambient room
temperature for 30 to 90 days. This is called heat stratification and is
accomplished by leaving the seeds exposed on a plate or bowl but NOT in full
sunlight. After you have achieved this step, you resume with cold